From the Neolithic to the first world war history has left its mark in Peschiera del Garda. The Bronze Age saw the flourishing of various dwelling settlements, The Romans turned it into an important center. In the Middle Ages began to acquire importance as a strategic military center. In the thirteenth century Verona extends to the lake and its domination Peschiera finally loses autonomy constitutes a key strategic hub for the damming of Mincio. Mastino della Scala begins with the fortification of the center: The fortress was built on pre-existing Romanesque In 1439 Peschiera became part of the Venetian Republic. With the assistance of the Serenissima 1549, the fortress took on its present form pentagonal. The boundary is formed by the ramparts of the wall and floor, placed at the vertices of the pentagon base. The system of ramparts welds the two ancient islands with unique and powerful fortified bridge and connects the two domestic sectors of the Fortress, which is crossed by the main branch of the river Mincio.
From 1803 to the 1815 There was the strengthening of the boundary and the masterful construction of the strong external Napoleonic. From 1849 to the 1864 the Austrians built 14 strong external (some of which are still preserved), that made up the entrenched camp in detached forts, volute da Radetzky. To the south of the fortress, there is the strong Ardietti (N. VI) architectural masterpiece of the Quadrilateral Habsburg, built by 1853 to the 1861. After the 1866, under the Kingdom of Italy, the strategic military importance of Peschiera begins to decay and began the demolition of many of the works constructed: today are preserved seven of the 15 strong original.
- Bastione Tognon.
- Porta Brescia.
- Bastione Feltrin.
- Bastione Cantarane.
- Ospedale reinforcement.
- La Rocca.
- Bridge of Voltoni.
- Establishment of Artillery Verona Porta.
- Hall of Officers.
- Caserma Franciscus I.
- Command of Fort Palace Square.
- Verona Porta.
- Bastione San Marco.
- Bastione Quercini.
- Church of St. Martin.
- Palace of the Superintendent of Veneto.
- Obelisks sixteenth.
- Forte Ardietti (by appointment).
- Strong Pope (visited only externally).
- Strong Salvi (visited only externally).
- Palio delle Mura – the first weekend after August.
- The largest historical re-enactment – 31 August.
- Championship final of Venetian rowing – in June.
- San Martino – three-day celebration in November and 11 fire of the Voltoni.
- Crib Lake – underwater nativity scene visible from the bridge of St. John from December 1 to 6 January).
- Goblets of Stars (10 August the Strong Arditeti).
“Sits nice and strong Peschiera tool…”, so reminiscent of Dante in the twentieth canto of the Inferno.
Roman fort, Scaliger castle and fortress, fortress bastion of the Venetian Republic in the sixteenth century; Napoleonic fortress; Habsburg fortress of the legendary Quadrilateral. In a few cities, as in Peschiera, are the fundamental periods of the fortification.
THE FORTRESS – The itinerary starts from the car park which is located west of the Fortress, at Porta Brescia (1551): Already here we can observe the impressive front-century bastion, defended by the water-filled moat called Fossa Royal, destro bouquet Mincio. Cross the Ponte di Porta Brescia (1760 – 1770 project by Anton Maria Lorgna) and you enter the fortress. We proceed on the right, leaving Porta Brescia and arrive in front of the great Habsburg Military Hospital Army bomb-proof built in 1865.
To our left is the ancient Piazza d'Armi today Piazza Ferdinando di Savoia, the Church of St. Martin – patron of Peschiera del Garda – and the excavations at the Roman ruins of the ancient Arilica The – Fourth century. C.
On the southern side of the square stands the Rocca complex, late Roman fort, fortified by the La Scala (XIII – XIV secolo), renovated in Venetian era (XVI – Seventeenth century) come arsenale, ed in epoca asburgica (1837 and 1861). From the majestic entrance century it is observed, on the bottom of the courtyard, Knight of the portal imposing fortress (1575): in the basement of the rider are visible vestiges of the Scaliger Castle.
It continues through the fortified bridge of the Voltoni 1556 Channel Middle, main branch of the river Mincio: from the top of the bridge open onto beautiful views of the walled city and sul Mincio. In the part of the fortress on the left bank you reach the square of the Habsburg Military District – Catullus Park today. First you notice the Palleria Austrian Artillery and the Establishment of Verona Porta (1854-57) completely restored and opened to the public in 2002, houses the public library and the historical archive of the municipality: Fireworks in the courtyard within the Laboratory, ora sala Radetzky.
It comes out of the fortress through the Porta Verona 1553 to observe the beautiful marble facade on which stands the Lion of St. Mark, destroyed by the Napoleonic (Note the inscription on it says traberazione:” disciples leonis imago haec currency preacelsa it stimvles Venetian CEV Leo in hoste vignet "). Cross the bridge on the left branch of the Mincio, The view encompasses the entire front of the fortified, with the Ramparts of St. Mark's 1553 to our left and the Bastion of the Querini 1552 to our right.
It falls in the city from Porta Verona and to our right we see the imposing barracks Franciscus I 1822, now the headquarters of the Police Academy.
On the western side of the park, stands the Palace of the command of the fortress 1854 also called Historical house in which he held the Conference of the 1917.
On the opposite side of the park, along the Canale di Mezzo, Pavilion overlooking the Grand Officers of the 1856. After crossing the Channel Mode, you arrive in Piazzale Betteloni where there is another imposing building former Cavalry Barracks now houses the Town Hall. It rises along the high escarpment on the Bastion Tognon 1552. Continue along the curtain wall walk on the link overcoming the imposing Porta Brescia and you reach the top of the Bastion of Feltrin 1551, in which it is established the Austrian Powder still intact. You leave the ramparts descending in the city: through Via Roma ( Already Corso Brescia) and thy Dante (Already Course Piazza Erbe) we arrive at Piazza San Marco with the obelisks sixteenth and the seventeenth-century Palazzo del Veneto superintendent said during the Austrian Palace of the Community. From here we return to the car park of Porta Brescia, where, having available a little’ time, through the wall walk, today called walk “Montagni” (lack of attention to the protection of the river Mincio) you can admire the imposing ramparts that runs along the Pit from Rampart Feltrin Reale until Bastion of Cantarane 1551. You continue until you reach the right bank of the Mincio River officially begins where the bike path Peschiera / Mantua.