Verona, founded in the first century A.C. is crossed by the waters of the Adige and surrounded by hills that enhance the beauty and harmony landscape. Favored by its geographic location, in Roman times fu an urban center, magnificent traces of which remain today, Arena at the Roman Theatre, from the Arch of Gavi Porta Borsari, the archaeological area of Porta Leoni. Between 489 and the 526 Theodoric extended the defenses of the hill of S. Peter until the Adige. The walled city, built in the twelfth century along the Adigetto, was doubled by Ezzelino Romano (1240-1250). Between 1287 and the 1289 Alberto I della Scala built a new section of the city wall in left Adige, far to the south of the former city walls. In 1321-25 Can Grande della Scala, built the new walls, on both sides, under the direction of the magister Seaboot, while you have an erection to Can Grande II in 1354 Castle of San Martino in Aquaro (then said Castelvecchio). After the city in the hands of the Milanese, between 1390 and the 1395 Gian Galeazzo Visconti built Castel San Pietro. Under the Serenissima, in the period between 1517 and the 1525 was reinforced the walls with washers (Teodoro Trivulzio), while among the 1530 and the 1551 there was the strengthening of the walls with bastions and gates of San Micheli Michele and Francesco Maria della Rovere. Between 1801 and the 1802, by order of Napoleon, There was masterful dismantling of the wall in right Adige. Under Habsburg rule, in the period between 1833 and the 1845, Radetzky at the behest of the military architects led by Franz von Scholl strengthened and rebuilt the city walls, integrating it with outworks.
In forti esterni: Verona, main fortress of the Habsburg Empire from the Quadrilateral 1848, by the will of Radetzky, was equipped 30 strong external, that formed, on two lines of defense, the entrenched Camp. Worth a visit, sulla right hand of Adige, the remains of the Fort Radetzky (1849, at San Massimo); il Forte Franz Joseph (1852, at Chievo); the remains of the Fort St. Catherine (the village of San Pancrazio-Pestrino, photo 36); Fort Archduchess Gisela (1860, in Saint Lucia). On the left you can see the Adige: Tower Archduchess Sophia, and then, continuing north along the hilly road, Fort St. Matthias and the four towers of San Giuliano (1837).
- Mura Romane (externally visible).
- Mura Scaligere (externally visible).
- Venetian Walls (externally visible).
- Walls Austrian (externally visible).
- Castelvecchio (visited in the path mussale).
- Castle of Montorio (visivile externally and can be visited only the higher court).
- Arena (yes Martedì of Domenica – 9,00 – 19,00 – closed on Mondays – during the opera season, in the days of representation – 9,00 – 15,30).
- Gavi Arch (externally visible).
- House of Juliet (yes Martedì of Domenica – 9,00 – 19,00 – Monday – 13,30 – 19,30).
- Archaeological area of the Roman Theatre (yes Martedì of Domenica – 9,00 – 19,00 – Monday 13,45 – 19,30).
- Scaliger - Noah's Cangrande (externally visible – From June to September you can visit the area inside the fence and the Lamberti tower with a single ticket).
- Scaliger - Arca di Mastino II (externally visible – From June to September you can visit the area inside the fence and the Lamberti tower with a single ticket).
- Scaliger - Noah's Cansignorio (externally visible – From June to September you can visit the area inside the fence and the Lamberti tower with a single ticket).
- Scaliger - Ark of Albert I (externally visible – From June to September you can visit the area inside the fence and the Lamberti tower with a single ticket).
- Scaliger - Noah by Giovanni della Scala (externally visible – From June to September you can visit the area inside the fence and the Lamberti tower with a single ticket).
- Church of San Zeno (Weekday – 10,00 – 18,00 – Holidays 13,00 – 18,00. The visits are suspended during religious ceremonies. Chance of a ticket for the 5 the churches of San Zeno Maggiore, S.Anastasia, San Lorenzo, San Fermo Maggiore and the Cathedral).
- San Lorenzo.
- San Fermo Maggiore.
For more information: U.V.A.M. – Tel. +39 045 8303005
- Market 3 A – Art Market in San Zeno – 3° sabato del mese.
- Luxury and Yachts – February.
- Events Carnival - "Friday Gnocolar" - "Saturday Filippinato" - "Luni pignatar" – last days of carnival.
- Vinitaly – April.
- Sol – Salon olive oil – April.
- Festival dell'Opera lyric – from late June to late August.
- Fieracavalli – November.
- International Exhibition of cribs - December / January.
- There are numerous events that are planned during the year – news on the website of the City of Verona and the IAT.
The imposing city masterful urban stretches over nine kilometers along the perimeter of the old town. Its structure is distinct in two parts: E-handed to left-hand side of Adige. In his masterful facility the town is completely preserved; in it are integrated organically fortification works built over seven centuries. The party due, on the opposite river bank, have distinct architectural character, technical and environmental, due to the successive eras of construction: scaligera (XIII-XIV Secolo), Venetian (Sixteenth century), asburgica (XIX secolo). The diversity, also, are environmental in relation to different conditions of the site, flat right Adige, mostly hills on the left bank. Within the urban core will still retain vestiges of the oldest fortifications, Roman, that date back to the founding of the city. Remarkable is the presence of the walls prescaligere, era municipal (XII secolo), as well as the urban castles: the famous La Scala Castelvecchio (XIV secolo) and the Castel San Pietro (New Castle), built in the Visconti era (Sixteenth century) on the hill above the city. Unique in Europe for extension and variety, The route runs along the walls of two thousand years of military architecture. For the preservation of this heritage was established by the Municipality uvam (Valuation Office Military Architecture, such 045/8079561).
I. The ancient city:
The visit to the oldest center of the city begins near the remains of the Roman Theatre, with the adjacent Archaeological Museum, near which, in your Redentore, There are traces of Roman walls and Porta Postojna. Cross the Ponte Pietra, built partly on Roman foundations and partly in the Middle Ages, that leads to the city center. Beyond the tower of the bridge, rightward, is the religious center, with the Bishop's Palace, the Church of S. Giovanni in Fonte (the baptistery), the Renaissance Cathedral and the Chapter Library; in the vicinity are the remains of the House of Carrara Taddea, era scaligera. To the left of the bridge there is the Gothic Church of S. Anastasia; Sottoriva way through and turn right, you reach the heart of Verona of the Scala, in Piazza dei Signori, where the complex ahead of Scaliger (on the side of the churchyard of the Romanesque church of S. Maria Antica) and fortified residences: Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo, Palazzo Comunale (ovrastato from Lamberti Tower) on the left, while, on the opposite side, the Palace of Can Grande (Today Prefecture) and the adjacent Loggia del Consiglio. They conclude the square Domus Nova (called Palazzo dei Giudici), and progress towards S. Anastasia, the Domus Bladorum, then the Mazzanti Houses; Domus Mercatorum however, overlooks the Piazza delle Erbe. Via Cappello (the Roman Cardo Maximus), you come to the ruins of Lions Gate, belonging to the ancient Roman wall, near which you can see the bulk of the Church of S. Fermo Maggiore. Back in the Piazza delle Erbe, go along the left decumannus (Current Corso Porta Borsari); in parallel via Emilei stands the Church of S.. Eufemia. Themselves superior to the Roman Porta Borsari, that preserves the original structure only the outer facade full of the two arcs; then take Via Oberdan, leading into Piazza Bra, dove dominates the Arena, behind which lie the remains of the Roman walls of Gallienus (Third century A.D.). Along the road near Ball are observable remains of the town Ezzelino (parallel to the municipal), with the Tower of Porta Rofiolana. Returning to Piazza Bra, are visible on the left of the gates Bra, with the pentagonal tower, and Lapidary Museum Maffeiano. It follows then via Roma, which emerges at the end of the imposing mass of Castelvecchio, erected at the behest of Can Grande II in 1354 and concluded by Anthony in 1376. Inside the Castle (which now houses the Museo Civico, renovated by Carlo Scarpa), on the west side of the parade ground, you can see the remains of the walls of communal era, the Porta del Morbio. The walls continued along the course of the Adigetto (now buried), closing the city to the south; Castelvecchio incorporated outside of the Gavi Arch (First century A.D.), transformed into urban gateway (now reflected in the gardens to the north-east of the Castle). You pass the Adige on the majestic fortified Scaliger Bridge, built between 1354 and the 1356. Further along is the rectangular shape of the Arsenal Austrian (1854-1861).
The additions in the right and left Adige:
Along the way, that can be done on foot or by bicycle, meet exemplary works from different eras, each other perfectly integrated. On the perimeter of the Scaliger walls of Cangrande (1321-25) the fortified defenses were renewed in the sixteenth and nineteenth. The company fortification of Cangrande, extraordinary coherence of urban, grandly expanded the city on the two opposite banks of the Adige and established what will be up to the early twentieth century, the limit of the walls and the urban form.
II. The tape Magistrale in right hand of Adige:
The tour begins from the Romanesque Church of S. Zeno Maggiore, from which, su via Tommaso Da Vico and poi svoltando the right hand, you reach Porta Fura, who belonged to the municipal boundary; in the middle dell'Adige, are the remains of the Tower of the upper chain. Leaving the curtain, leaving on the left the bastion of Spain 1548; returning on the walls, you reach the Bastion of S. Procolo, similar to the other 5 who follow him, designed by Franz von Habsburg era Scholl Venetian ramparts. It follows the perimeter of the walls, meeting, in sequenza, Porta S. Zeno, of 1540, Bastion of S. Zeno, Knight of St. Joseph, of 1538-40, Bastion of S. Bernardino, Sanmicheli the Porta Palio, Bastion of S. Spirit (which now houses a clinic Lipu, visited on request), Bastion of the Reformed (18, open), The sixteenth century Porta Nuova ( modified in 1854), Bastion of the Trinity and the Venetian Bastion of S. Francis.
III. The boundary degree in left Adige:
The route follows the ring road outside the Porta San Giorgio, up to the arch of Castel San Pietro, pedestrian path then continues on to Porta Vescovo, to go outside to Porta Nuova Vittoria. Of particular evidence landscaping is the turreted walls of Cangrande (1321-25), with subsequent additions. It starts from the fornix behind San Giorgio in Braida (Breccia via San Giorgio), salt on hill slopes, to enclose the hill of San Pietro and the valley of St. John, then connecting, to the south, the scala walls of Albert I (1287-89), reinforced by bastions and curtains terrapienate integrated in the sixteenth century. The route starts from the complex Porta San Giorgio (with washer, rivellino and cross the casamattata 1840), noting on the right is the Church of S. Giorgio in Braida. It continues outside, meeting of the washer Boccare (open from the interior via Moschini, asking the High School Fracastoro) and the Venetian Washer Bacola, beyond which goes on inside the walls, reaching the ruins of Castel S. Peter, from the garden where you can enjoy a beautiful view of the city. Returning along the walls, climb the hill, leaving on the left Castel S. Happy, and you go back down, encountering frequent towers at La Scala in the section between the outer rings of the Cave and S. Zeno in Monte. Shortly after the church of S. Zeno in Monte, we arrive at the fornix of the Austrian Washer casamattata, visible coming out of the walls; here a digression leads the Austrian Battery counterscarp. Once back inside the city, leaving on the left the Bastion of Santa Tuscany. The Porta Vescovo, The route continues outside, along the Bastion Maddalene, Port Campofiore (from which we observe the Establishment of the Habsburg Provianda, s), and the Bastion of the Campus Martius, of 1560. Finally, close to the gate of Porta Nuova Vittoria is located, on the banks of the Adige, the spur of the lower chain, erected by Antonio della Scala.