Linked to Ateste in prehistory and then in Roman times, Cologna became an important center during the Lombard domination (568-774) and developed after the year one thousand as a fortified center in defense of the "Novum flumen" (today called "Gua"), along the route of the Roman road: the way Porciliana connecting Verona to Padua, crossing the plague marshland between Arcola and Montagnana. Located strategically between Verona, Vicenza and Padua, already under the rule of Maltraversi (1000-1204) must be equipped with a ring of walls. Scaligers, gained power in 1260, built a second wall, less extensive than the first, of which there are still several tracks as the angular tower placed next to the Cathedral – and he had two doors, the Veronese and the Cremonese. After years of struggle, in 400 Cologna came under the protection of Venice and enjoyed a period of flourishing; within the walls of Cologne was rebuilt and beautified the urban fabric. In 1797 Napoleon Bonaparte invaded the territories of the Republic of Venice and with the Revolutionary Armed, like Venice, Cologna also felt the signs of its decline. Passed through the vicissitudes of history of the period remained in Austrian hands until 1866 when it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.
- Civic Tower or Clock (visited by appointment c / o Museum).
- Torre Mainarda (only be visited during the demonstrations).
- La Rocca (visited by appointment c / o Museum).
- Cathedral (visited only by appointment).
- Palace of the Captain (visited by appointment).
- Church of St. Peter (visited only externally).
- Church of St. Bortolamio (visited by 8,00 to 20,00).
- Church of the Holy Spirit (visited by 8,00 to 20,00).
- St. Andrew's Church (visited by 8,00 to 20,00).
- Church of Santi Felice and Fortunato (visited only by appointment).
- Festa patronale “Nativity of the Virgin” – 8 September.
- Cologna in bloom – first Sunday of May.
- September Bolognese – Agricultural Fair trade crafts and livestock – early September.
- Festival of Almond – 8 December.
Arriving in Cologne, it is fairly easy to grasp his past walled city: sections of the city are in fact, seppur lacerati, some of the twelve towers and the two original doors. The largest urban project dates back to the early twentieth century, with the deviation of Guà, that crossed the city and divided it into two parts. The tour starts off Papesso, which ran parallel to the curtain, bounded on the north-west corner of the tower by the ruins of the Fortress. Si entra of your Bonfado, through the Porta Nuova, open in the 1602, with the bell tower on the left, erected on the ruins of another corner tower of the fortress, this Mainarda. Moving on a porch, you will come out in Cathedral Square, dominated by the cathedral, erected by Selva on half of the Rock, which you can now visit the roof overlooking the courtyard of the church, where you can go down into (the surviving structures of the fort). To the left of the cathedral is the former pawnshop (the Museum and Library della). Crossing the square, you can see the tower on the right Quartarolo and a section of wall, incorporated in the former kindergarten. Taking a left on Via Marconi, one reaches in Piazza Mazzini, with the Civic Tower and Gate Cremonese. Released, continue left along the old course of the Guà, before returning to the Palace of the Captain, che ingloba due torri. The Tower Carminati via Torcolo now houses a restaurant instead. The remains of the tower overlooking Verona Porta Via Minghetti. Outside the walls, are being Papesso to visit the churches of S. Peter, annexed to the former Convent of the Capuchin, di S. Bortolamio via Vecchietti and S. Spirit on a Thistle.